The Mountain gorillas also known as Gorilla beringei beringei , largest and so far strongest primates, a subspecies of the eastern gorillas (Gorilla Beringei), a critically endangered species inhabiting Africa’s volcanic slopes. Mountain gorillas have few natural predators.
Though endangered, Mountain gorillas display incredible intelligence. Humans’ thorough activities such as poaching, civil war, and habitat destruction among others are responsible for the disappearing status of these animals, but luckily there are ongoing conservation efforts to protect the remaining population.
At present, the mountain gorilla’s habitation is limited to protected national parks in two regions of Africa. One group of gorillas lives in the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park Uganda. The other group is spread over three national parks in the Virungas Mountain region of the Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, and Rwanda.
I have selected a few incredible facts you need to know about these very intelligent, yet endangered animals and why you need to come experience the thrill in any of our tailor made Uganda Gorilla trekking safaris.
They prefer forests on mountains. Most mountain gorillas can be found in East (Uganda’s Bwindi Impenetrable National Park) and Central Africa (In Virungas Mountains, Democratic Republic of Congo). Although their name implies that they simply live on mountains, mountain gorillas actually prefer forested mountains. Most of these animals can be found living on green volcanic slopes, which is their preferred habitat.
Bwindi Mountain Gorillas are purely vegetarians. These wonderful animals are herbivores, which mean they consume a vegetarian diet. Mountain gorillas live in forests, which is where they find their food. Their troops feed on a variety of plant matter including roots, tree bark, pulp, plants, fruit, leaves, shoots and wild celery. Baby mountain gorillas rely on their mothers’ milk for sustenance. They are only fully halted at approximately three and a half years old, when they will start eating the adult diet. These gorillas don’t need water because they get sufficient moisture from the plants that they eat.
Male mountain gorillas are family heads: The male leader of each troop will organize the activities for that group of gorillas, father infants and also schedule feeding trips among other roles. Although mountain gorillas can climb trees, they are usually found on the ground. Their activities include eating, nesting in leaves, and moving around their home range.
Mountain Gorillas Have a Distinctive Appearance: At first glimpse, all gorillas might appear to look the same, but this is not true because mountain gorillas tend to be a bit bigger than other species of gorillas. They also tend to have longer hair and shorter arms than other gorillas. This thicker fur acts as insulation, keeping them warm when the weather on the mountain gets cold. Male mountain gorillas have an additional crest of fur on their heads which is not evident in the females.
These gorillas are only aggressive if challenged: Mountain gorillas are usually calm and don’t display aggressive behavior. However, this is not true, especially when the alpha male, is disturbed or challenged. The fact that these animals have massive physical power is one fact that indicates you should treat them with caution. If threatened, the male leader will roar, bark or hoot very loudly. He will also stand upright, pound his chest, throw things, and even make aggressive charges. A female mountain gorilla will fight to the death to protect her offspring.
They resemble humans; like humans gorillas have 5 toes on each foot and 5 fingers on each hand and gorillas also have a small ear on each side of their head and 32 teeth. This is also possible one of the reasons scientists believe human evolved from apes!
Gorillas live in families: Gorilla’s live in groups of 6-12 called bands or troops. They consist mostly of one silverback (husband and father of the family), a couple of females and their young.
Other Mountain gorillas can be encountered on Congo Gorilla Safaris tours or even Gorilla Safaris in Rwanda. Self Drive Car hire rentals in Uganda are available for those willing to take a lone safari drive.
Still want to know more or experience this and many other astonishing Mountain Gorilla facts/experience?. Book a Gorilla trekking or Gorilla habituation safari with us and be part of this awesome experience.