Attractions in Bwindi impenetrable Park- Gorilla trekking Uganda safari.
Attractions in Bwindi Impenetrable Park: Gorilla trekking Uganda Safari Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park, Gorilla safari Uganda, Uganda Safaris. Bwindi Impenetrable Park is Famous for Gorilla trekking Uganda safari tours, the mountain Gorillas which are listed as globally critically endangered are descendants of ancestral monkeys and apes that used to live in the sects of Africa and Arabia at the onset of the Oligocene epoch (34 – 24 million of years ago). The fossil evidence shows that the hominoid species (apes) thrived in East Africa around 18 – 22 million years ago.
The archaeological record about the evolutionary history of Mountain gorillas is short of depth but the research findings show that this primate group which was to evolve into gorillas separated from its common ancestor along with that of chimps and humans about nine (9) million years ago leading to the emergence of genus gorilla. The earliest ape is thought to have been called Proconsul Africanus and is known to be the earliest relative of gorillas. The mountain gorillas split from their eastern lowland gorillas about 400,000 years ago while these two groups split from their western counterparts approximately 2 million years ago. The classification of gorillas has been an issue of debate.
They were first categorized as Troglodytes before they were renamed back to gorilla. The taxonomist Colin Gloves suggested that they should be categorized as single species Gorilla with three subspecies of Gorilla graueri (lowland gorillas found west of the Virungas) Gorilla gorilla gorilla (western lowland gorilla), and Gorilla gorilla beringei (Bwindi and Virunga endemic mountain gorillas). This was later reviewed in 2003 by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and they were categorized into two species Gorilla beringei and Gorilla gorilla. Contrary to what has been branded of them, Mountain gorillas are not very offensive and have got shy traits with a great deal in vegetation. Their eyes are naturally frightening with a lot of fur on their bodies:
As witnessed by the lucky clients on Uganda gorilla safari tours, Mountain gorillas are known for rising to an upright position when provoked and beating their chest with hands after charging. The Mountain gorillas are large and the most powerful amongst all apes. The males have an average height of 1.7m (6ft) and a weight of 140 – 275kg whereas females are about 40 – 50% smaller.
The Bwindi impenetrable national park has various attractions and these include mountain gorillas, other mammals like chimpanzees, monkeys and bush elephants, tree species, butterflies species, bird species, and the Batwa people.
Mountain gorillas; Mountain Gorillas in Bwindi Scientifically termed as Gorilla beringei beringei, mountain gorillas are typically gentle and amazingly shy and calm animals that have thick and long fur and this enables them to live in cooler temperature climatic zones, each gorilla can be identified basing on its nose print which is unique to each individual Read More
Trees species in Bwindi; Bwindi impenetrable park has many equatorial rain forest trees and these trees can grow to a height of up to 55-75 feet, they form thick canopies, many trees have broad leaves and contain hard wood. Bwindi forest has a thick under growth which makes it hard to access hence its name Bwindi which means impassable or impenetrable. Read More
Chimpanzee in Bwindi; These are close relatives of humans with a 99% matching DNA to that of humans, there are two species of chimpanzees, Common chimpanzee species and the Bonobo species, Bwindi impenetrable national park has the common chimpanzee species with an estimated population of 350 chimpanzees Read More
Cultural Encounters; On the hinges of Bwindi impenetrable national park, are two tribes of people and these include the Bakiga and the Batwa. Bakiga people; On the peripherals of this park, are communities of bantu people called the bakiga. According to the 2014 population census, there are 2,390,446 bakiga in western Uganda which represents. Read More
The beautiful scenery; Bwindi is gifted with many hills such as Rwamunyonyi, Kahungye, Mubare, Rushura. All these are blanketed by various tree species which act as habitat for the diverse wildlife which in found in this great eco system. The hills can also act as a view point for the Virunga volcanoes in the far distance, lake Edward and George in queen Elizabeth Read More
Best time to visit Bwindi Impenetrable National Park: June- August and December- February this is so because these months are in the dry season when all the murram roads are easily navigable in the 4 various sectors of the park. Other people prefer to visit during the wet months. Read More
Black and white colobus monkeys; These monkeys have a black color with a strip of white color on the side of their body, limbs and around their face and also at their tail ending, these strips are called mantle, these monkeys live in groups of 5-15 members led by a male, their weight ranges between 4-14 kg, they have a body length of up to 75 cm or 30 inches Read More
Bird species in Bwindi; Bwindi impenetrable national park habituates about 348 bird species making it one of the biggest birding site in Uganda. The birds found here include the African green Broadbill The African green broadbill has a body length of 13.6-15.6cm and weighs between 29-32.5g. this bird has a short tail and a green broadbill. Read More
Gorilla Families in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park – Attractions in Bwindi impenetrable Park
Mubare Gorilla Family. The Mubare gorilla family has comprised of eight (8) gorilla members with 1 silverback and is famously known because it is the oldest gorilla family that was first habituated on October 15th, 1991 and opened for gorilla trekking on October 13th, 1993 following two years of mountain gorilla habituation. The Mubare gorilla family had twelve (12) members under the leadership of Ruhondeza the then Silverback. Unfortunately, in the month of March 2012, the Mubare group was attacked by a wild gorilla breaking Ruhondeza’s leadership and confiscating some of its members. The silverback Ruhondeza resorted to a solitary life in the Rubona community forest where it later died from on 27th June 2012 at 50 years of age while asleep. After the attack, the Mubare lost the members to five though it was later joined by other four gorilla members along with a new silverback named Kanyonyi.
Habinyanja Gorilla Family. The Habinyanja gorilla family is one of the three Uganda Gorilla trekking safari families found in the Buhoma sector and has 18 members with 2 silverbacks. The gorilla family was habituated in 1997 and was later opened for gorilla trekking activity in 1999. The gorilla family derives its name from Nyanja which means a pool of water because it was first seen around the swamp. The silverback Mugurusi was the head at the time of habituation and following his death its brothers Rwansigazi and Mwirima took the lead. However, these two were incompatible as Rwansigazi like moving a lot while Mwirima preferred keeping in close ranges thus they had to split. Following the separation, Mwirima’s sect became Rushegura and the later maintained the former name. Later, Rwansigazi abdicated the throne as the silverback of Habinyanja and Maraka replaced him. The groups sometimes meet harmoniously with no fights. Kisho is a re-known head of the female camp.
Rushegura Gorilla Family. The Rushegura gorilla family contains 19 members including 1 silverback. It was formed in 2002 when Mwirima broke away from Habinyanja after having misunderstandings with Rwansigazi the then silverback of Habinyanja. Rushegura at the time of splitting had 12 members with 1 silverback and it derives its name from Ebishegura, the common flora species in the region where the gorilla family dwells.
Mountain Gorilla families in Ruhija Area
Bitukura Gorilla family. The Bitukura gorilla family is one of three gorilla families in Ruhija sector and has 14 gorilla members. The gorilla family is named after the local stream called Bitukura because it is where it was first sighted. The habituation of Bitukura gorilla family commenced in 2007 and since the gorilla family was commonly in touch with Uganda Wildlife Authority rangers, its habituation did not take long and by 15th months, it was already receiving gorilla trekkers. The gorilla family lived in a unique setting with 4 silverbacks in the 24 initial members thriving together though they later split forming other gorilla groups. In the early 2013, Bitukura gorilla family received a new baby born.
Oruzogo Gorilla Family. The Nkuringo gorilla family has 23 members with 1 silverback. It is counted as one of the new gorilla families that have been opened for gorilla trekking as it was opened for the activity on 20th June 2011. It is led by Tibirikwata and has got playful juveniles that make it interesting to encounter while on your Uganda gorilla tracking safari.
Kyaguriro Gorilla Family. This gorilla family contains 15 members including 2 silverbacks. In the beginning, the gorilla family was headed by Elderly Zeus who was later challenged by Rukina and died on the spot of the incident.
Mountain Gorilla Families in Rushaga Area
Nshongi Gorilla family. Nshongi gorilla family contains 18 members and is one of the five groups that are within the Rushaga region in the south of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. The Nshongi group was opened for a gorilla trekking encounter in September 2009 and is the largest gorilla group to be habituated with 36 gorilla members. It derives its nomenclature form the River Nshongi where the family was first sighted. The Nshongi group split in July 2010 decreasing to 26 members leading to the formation of the Mishaya gorilla family. Nshongi further split in 2013 decreasing to 18 members leading to the formation of the Bweza gorilla family.
Mishaya Gorilla Family. Mishaya gorilla family contains 12 members with 1 silverback. The Mishaya gorilla group was formerly part of the Nshongi group which separated to become independent in July 2010 under the leadership of Mishaya. Mishaya is known for being fearless and he used to attack other gorilla families confiscating more members. Mishaya silverback passed on in Feb 2014 and was replaced by Mwiine which can be encountered on your Uganda gorilla trekking safari.
Kahungye Gorilla Family. Kahungye gorilla family contains 13 members including 3 silverbacks. It derives its name from the local hill Kahungye which is located within the area. The Kahungye gorilla family has got the dominant Rumanzi silverback along with Ruhamuka and Rwigi. It was opened for a gorilla trekking encounter in 2011 and in less than a year, it split leading to the formation of Busingye gorilla group which reduced it to its current number from its initial 27 members.
Bweza Gorilla Family. Bweza gorilla family has 7 members and 1 silverback. It was formerly part of Mishaya before it separated to become independent towards the end of 2012. Conservationists thought that Mishaya would reunite with Bweza again but it did not happen and eventually, Bweza was introduced for gorilla trekking as an independent gorilla family.
Busingye Gorilla Family. This contains 9 gorilla members and 1 silverback. Busingye gorilla family separated from Kahungye in June 2012. Busingye is the lead silverback and the name Busingye means peace however, it sounds contrary to the acts of the Busingye silverback. He likes fighting and confiscating gorillas from other gorilla groups. No wonder by January 2014, the Busingye gorilla family had already gathered 9 members with 2 adult female gorillas and 3 infant gorillas making it interesting to encounter while on your gorilla safari in Uganda.
Mountain Gorilla Families in Nkuringo Area
Nkuringo Gorilla Family. Nkuringo gorilla family contains 19 members with 2 silverbacks. Nkuringo means a round hill thus meaning that the gorilla group was sighted on the hill hence its name. The Nkuringo gorilla family was opened for gorilla trekking in 2004 after two year habituation period. The group used to encroach on peoples’ plantations which prompted its habituation. Nkuringo was the group’s first silverback and it lost its life in April 2008 leaving being Rafiki and Safari as the prominent silverbacks. Safari took the lead and in November 2008, twin gorillas were born in the names of Katungi and Muhozi. Unfortunately, Katungi passed away at 1 ½ years because of illness. The hills of Nkuringo are hectic to hike during the gorilla trekking safari in Uganda.
Gorilla Trekking in Bwindi Forest Park; Gorilla tracking is done in any of the four sectors of Ruhija, Buhoma, Rushaga, and Nkuringo. Families in Ruhija include; Orozogo family, Bitukura family and Kyaguliro family. In Buhoma there is Habibanja family, Rushegura family, Mubare family and Katwe family. In Rushaga there is Nshongi family, Bweza family, Kahugye family, Busigye family, Mishaya family and Bikiyingi family. Read More
Nature walks in Bwindi Forest Park; The park has developed nature trails that can be taken by tourists and each of these can enable a tourist to have a glimpse at many of the bird species, primates, beautiful butterflies and the tree species at your disposal while in the park. These nature trails enable a tourist to indulge almost all his or her sensory organs while in the park because mother nature here keeps giving you more than what you imagined. Read More
Cultural visits in Bwindi Forest Park; These visits are aimed at creating a thrilling encounter between the tourists and the local communities in order to appreciate the culture and way of life of people living on the peripherals of this park and also develop an understanding of the challenges existing between the locals and the park. Some of the cultural encounters that can be undertaken by tourists include; the Batwa cultural experience. Read More
Gorilla Trekking Safari in Uganda & Chimps 10 days; This Uganda Safari is the highlight of Uganda Safaris & Tours. It features Gorilla trekking, wildlife game drives, chimps trekking, boat cruises and beautiful scenery viewing….. Read More